NYIT has overseas programs and campuses in Jordan, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, and China, among other places. Presently, the School of Architecture and Design administers an Interior Design program in Abu Dhabi.
The School of Architecture and Design also enjoys an international reputation for its summer abroad programs. Under the direction of one or more full-time faculty members, as many as three diverse programs are offered during the summer, depending upon interested students, and faculty availability. NYIT has offered programs in China, France, Italy, Germany, Spain, Greece, and Turkey, where students and faculty come in contact with foreign students and architects while living in another culture, enabling them to understand first-hand the range, diversity, and power of living architecture as individual buildings or as entire cities and spaces. Summer study abroad course credit can be applied to a student’s specific curriculum and field of study. The summer programs are open to students enrolled in any degree program offered by the School of Architecture and Design.
SUMMER ABROAD PROGRAMS 2012
ATELIER ITALIA NORD - 201
ANTIQUE & MODERN, PAST - PRESENT - FUTURE, SKETCH BOOK & SKETCH DESIGN
Prof. Paul Amatuzzo – Director
This program has a clear and simple IDEA. It will study a very wide range of Antique and Modern Architecture. The work examined via on site sketching formed the analytic and cultural foundation for the design studio program.
Our actual design studio space was located and conducted in affiliation with the Western world's oldest university - The University of Bologna, its Dean, and three of its most distinguished faculty.
The Venice and Bologna studio served as the central "railheads" for visits to architectural sites in Venice, the Veneto, San Vito, Asolo, Padua, Bologna, Modena, Riolla, Florence, Milano, and Ferrara. Such works ranged from the ancients like Sansavino, Codussi, Longhena, Palladio, etc. to the modernists like Scarpa, Aalto, Rossi, LeCorbusier, Michelucci, etc., as well as a number of lesser known but also excellent architects.
All on site studies and field trips were documented via analytic pencil freehand sketching in 9 x 12 Sketchbooks. The IDEA and premise of this program was to attempt to make connections between the antique and modern architecture that we visit and what we do in our every day design work. It is intended that there be a transformative relationship between the sketchbook and the design studio work.
Prof. Farzana Gandhi and Prof. Elie Gamburg
By 2020, the population of Indian cities will grow by 25%, adding 95 million people to its already dense urban fabric. This unprecedented and accelerated rate of urbanization is posing unique challenges to the development of infrastructure and affordable housing. A critical study of the expanding, contemporary Indian city can inform not only solutions for India, but also help us project ideas for a state of global
urbanization as a whole.
The growth of China and the Middle East in recent years has created precedents for taller, greener, and denser cities: some development projects successful and others not. In cities like Mumbai, a difficult
topography, poor land use legislation, muddled property rights, and a deficient infrastructure has led to FSI [floor space index] requirements that greatly reduce build-able floor space per plot in the heart of the
city. This has resulted in unsustainable, outward expansion with the majority of development occurring in suburbs and at the city fringes, often an hour or two commute time from the city center.
The studio focused on emerging housing typologies that are developing in India as a response to the above challenges. Large-scale, private, megablock residential and mixed-use developments are
becoming the norm and are taking over the fabric of existing cities and new ones alike. These autonomous residential districts are increasingly echoing Modernist “Tower in the Park” schemes and
leading to discontinuous public spaces and generic gated communities.
The fast-evolving skylines with high-rise housing blocks and iconic architecture are desperately in need of critical analysis. Do these developments embrace the energy of the city and promote socially and
environmentally sustainable forms of living? Or do they create isolated, de-humanized blocks that are effectively destroying the cultural communities and social interaction that allow Indian cities to thrive and
grow? What alternative housing models can be imagined – ones that increase efficiency while maintaining connectivity to a larger urban network and infrastructure? What formal characteristics of
traditional Indian architecture, craftsmanship, and construction can be reconstituted to develop sustainable models that foster culture and community?
The studio used the complex urban fabrics of historical Indian cities as a lens to critique and as an armature to operate within the contemporary Indian urban condition. The study of density, urban form,
public/private space and socio-economic relationships was supplemented with historical and contemporary texts + precedents from other cultural contexts to relate the Indian condition to broader
contemporary architectural/urban issues.
The relationship between contemporary and traditional architecture in India was explored through travel, on-site sketching, analysis exercises, and design problems. The architecture of India is rooted in
its own history, culture, and religions as well as in external global influences. Our journey will bring us from ancient rock-cut stepwells to historic forts and palaces; from exemplary Modernist works by Louis
Kahn and Le Corbusier to contemporary towers by leading international firms. We dissected what we saw to understand the guiding principles of form, sustainability, materials, and building construction.
We learned from existing Indian housing typologies [pol, chawl, maidan, verandah, rowhouse, bungalow] to help inform new ones.
2012 Paris Studio Program
Profs. Brian Brace Taylor and David Diamond, Co-Directors
This program was about Paris, a crucible for early 20th century avant-garde ideas in the arts and architecture, and about Le Corbusier, the 20th-century Swiss-born French architect (1887- 1965), who made Paris his adoptive home.
In his lifetime, Le Corbusier was both admired and misunderstood, controversial and detested, and after his death he has been venerated as well as vilified. Paris is a city that he loved, he lived in and where he built many of his most important buildings. Paris’ long and rich history, dating from its founding by the Romans, was a source of inspiration for Le Corbusier, as it has been for many others. But like Hausmann in the 19th Century, Le Corbusier was not afraid to propose grand urban projects that would have necessitated demolishing large tracts of the city.
This program had three goals. The first was to provide a deep awareness of the evolution of Paris, including economic, social and political factors, as well as the contributions made by successive generations of architects and urban planners to the Paris of today, so that one may understand how it retains its unique, vibrant, enchanting qualities in spite of the ever evolving processes of renewal, of demolitions and insertions of new structures.
The second goal was to develop a critical view of the historic and contemporary works we visited, particularly those of Le Corbusier, to better understand his contributions to the canon of 20th century modern architecture. A third goal was to develop a critical stance in the design of a contemporary project for a real site within the confines of metropolitan Paris, whereby students will be asked to apply their newly acquired knowledge.
In the interest of enhancing one’s appreciation both the historical and cultural context of France generally, and those in which Le Corbusier also worked outside of Paris, there were field trips to eastern and southern France.
In both Paris and during the field trips, the group had the opportunity to meet with practicing architects, students and professors of architecture, and with civil servant/technicians past and present of the Paris city administration, and specialists in the restoration of modernist buildings. Students were expected to document the sites visited, and information received through sketches, analytical drawings and notes that were shared and evaluated as a group during the five-week program.